In 1945 the Third Reich was in its death throes, with Hitler holed up in his bunker and the remaining armed forces consisting of young boys, old men and foreign conscripts. The Battle of Berlin was led on the ground by Soviet forces, with air support from the Allies who by this stage saw little need to stage a ground invasion of the city. The fall of Berlin was marked by the alleged atrocities committed by the Soviet forces, who sought vengeance for Nazi brutalities in the East. On the 30th April Hitler committed suicide and by 2nd May Berlin had fallen. Victory in Europe was declared on 8th May 1945.